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Describe the NF-kappaB signalling pathway and explain the process of activation at cellular level upon detection of bacterial pathogen antigens.

Inhibition of intestinal inflammation by bacterial pathogen effector NleE 1- Give an overview of the role of inflammation in control of intestinal microbiota (pathogens and commensals). 2- Explain the role of host cell surface and intracellular receptors involved in detecting invading pathogens and activating the inflammatory pathways. 3- Describe the NF-kappaB signalling pathway and explain

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Explain how bacteria reproduce. Which factor do they rely on to increase genetic variation Discuss the advantage(s) and disadvantage(s) of asexual reproduction in the light of evolution.

Explain how bacteria reproduce. Which factor do they rely on to increase genetic variation Discuss the advantage(s) and disadvantage(s) of asexual reproduction in the light of evolution. Explain how meiosis and sexual reproduction generate biodiversity. Discuss the advantage(s) and disadvantage(s) of sexual reproduction in the light of evolution.Loss of biodiversity or genetic erosion is a

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What detennines whether an atom with interact with other atoms?

What detennines whether an atom with interac Show more Electron arrangement and the chemical propties of atoms What detennines whether an atom with interact with other atoms? Which subatomic particle is directly involved-in the chemical activity of an atom? o Where are electrons found? How does an electrons location affect its energy? How many electrons

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Describe the three common shapes of bacteria.

Are Bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic? ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS For this assignment you will demonstrate the knowledge that you gained from chapter 17. Answer the questions below using your textbook as your primary reference source. Make sure you number your responses and write complete sentences. A simple yes or no answer is not acceptable. Please

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Why do you think these factors influence C. difficile infection?

is a Gram-positive enteric pathogen that is a significant concern in hospital Show more Clostridium difficile is a Gram-positive enteric pathogen that is a significant concern in hospital settings due to resistance to many types of antibiotics. A healthy individual can normally resist infection by this pathogen but under certain conditions an individual can become

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How can you identify bacteria carrying a plasmid that contains a fragment of the Drosophila DNA?

An ampicillin-resistant tetracycline-resistant plasmid is cleaved with EcoRI which cuts within the Show more An ampicillin-resistant tetracycline-resistant plasmid is cleaved with EcoRI which cuts within the tetracycline gene. The cut plasmid is ligated with EcoRI-digested Drosophila DNA to prepare a genomic library. This DNA is then used to transform E. coli K12. A) Under what

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Determine the rate at which the culture grows in a hour. This rate will be the factor r by which the number of bacterial cultures has increased since the last recorded observation.

ASA 2: Bacterial GrowthAs a medical research technician you have been assigned the task of modeling the growth of five different strains of the E. coli bacteria. These bacteria are grown in Petri dishes and exposed to the same environmental conditions (food source pressure temperature light etc.). Each hour you count and record the number

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. What is the effect this molecule has on the innate immune system?

An anonymous male patient was admitted to a hospital in Andhra Pradesh India with a bite wound from Show more An anonymous male patient was admitted to a hospital in Andhra Pradesh India with a bite wound from an Indian Cobra (Naja naja). The patient is given antivenom upon admission to the hospital (bites from

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What was the original genotype of the donor cell (before conjugation)?

1. What Show more An F bacterial cell conjugated with an F- bacterial cell and the following cells resulted: 1. What was the original genotype of the donor cell (before conjugation)? 2. What was the original genotype of the recipient cell (before conjugation)? 3. Did recombination occur? Describe how you came to this conclusion. 4.

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How do antibiotics reduce bacterial biodiversity?

Resources: National Institute of Health: http://www.nih.gov/ Center for Disease Control: http://www. Show more Resources: National Institute of Health: http://www.nih.gov/ Center for Disease Control: http://www.cdc.gov/ Background: Evolution occurs in all living organisms from the smallest bacterial cells to the most complex animals. In bacterial cells evolution occurs rapidly in response to environmental pressures due to their